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The National Veld and Forest Fire Act (Act 101 of 1998)


It is the Landowner’s responsibility to do everything in his/her power to stop the spread of veldfire, by:

  • Establishing and maintaining a fire break system:
    • on his/her side of the property boundary;
    • apply for exemption of this through the FPA; OR
    • of common fire breaks away from the property boundary agreed upon with neighbours (the WFPA can assist with this);
  • ​Establishing and maintaining a fire break system that:
    • is wide enough and long enough to have a reasonable chance of stopping a veldfire; 
    • does not cause soil erosion;
    • is reasonable free of flammable material;
  • Managing the fuel load on their land;
  • Having sufficient equipment, protective clothing and trained personnel to fight fires OR as prescribed;
  • Informing the Fire Brigade and all neighbours of a veldfire or prescribed burn; AND
  • Ensuring that in his/her absence responsible persons are present on or near the land to fight fires.


The Act makes provision for the establishment of a Fire Protection Association (FPA) by Landowners for the purpose of predicting, preventing, managing and extinguishing veldfires.

  • The FPA is a Voluntary Association of Landowners.
  • Only one FPA may be registered in an area.
  • Membership is compulsory for Municipalities and the owners of State land which fall within the FPA.
  • The Fire Protection Officer performs the function of the Chief Executive Officer of the FPA.
  • Two or more FPAs may enter an agreement of mutual assistance.

Table of Offences by Type

Table of Penalties


Download a copy of the National Veld and Forest Fire Act (Act 101 of 1998) here:

Click here to follow link to: Resource material on the NVFFA